Predicting With Nonfiction
by Lori Oczkus
Lesson Overview: Sometimes when students try to make predictions with nonfiction they aren't quite sure how to phrase their predictions. A very natural way to make predictions with expository text is to discuss what you think you will learn.
When asking students to make predictions for nonfiction, try asking them to use the prediction frame "I think I will learn..." as they look through the illustrations and headings to make predictions."
Teacher Think Aloud
Model for students how to make a prediction with nonfiction. Model by looking at several illustrations and headings. Discuss what you see. Then tell the students you are using the frame, "I think I will learn..." to start your predictions. As you make your predictions you might want to write them on the board or a chart paper.
Invite students to try using the frame "I think I will learn..." with partners or at their tables in groups. Ask groups and pairs to share their predictions. You might have them write predictions on self stick notes or a paper or a chart in the front of the room.
You might go back to model again. You might continue modeling your predictions allowing students to work in teams or pairs to make more. After reading a portion of the text, go back together to see if the students learned what they predicted or if they needed to change their predictions during the reading.
As students read invite them to use the frame, "I think I will learn..." on their own. Allow students to practice by using the frame in their heads and also by writing several predictions down.
Reflect on the strategy
Ask students to think about and discuss with their partners or teams how using the frame "I think I will learn..." helped them make predictions as they read.